From Fred Lamp, retired curator of African Art at the Yale University Art Gallery, we happily have a new version of an online Baga Tshi-Tem vocabulary to present. This covers 3,000 words. Please enjoy!
AFRICANA SUBJECT FUNNEL REPORT 2018
Coordinator: Margaret W. Hughes
Submitted to: CATALOGING COMMITTEE, AFRICANA LIBRARIANS COUNCIL
November 30, 2018
This report covers the period from Nov. 2017 to Oct. 2018. Since the last report, 36 new proposals and 3 change proposals were reviewed by funnel participants and submitted to the Library of Congress (LC). The proposals originated with Margaret Hughes (Stanford), Joe Lauer (Michigan State), Chuck Riley (Yale), Laila Salibi-Cripe (Indiana), Shoshanah Seidman (Northwestern), and Marcia Tiede (Northwestern).
NEW & REVISED HEADINGS
EDITORIAL DECISIONS MADE BY LC’s POLICY & STANDARDS DIVISION
PROPOSALS TO BE RESUBMITTED
This proposal was made to revise the existing heading Sara language. The proposal did not list a work being cataloged and also failed to disambiguate the proposed heading from other languages called Sar. The required revisions to the NTs of Sara language were not proposed, either. Finally, this revision necessitates a revision to the classification schedules. The proposal may be resubmitted. [October 15, 2018]
Oluluyia languages; Logooli language
Ethnologue lists Oluluyia as a macrolangauge of the Bantu language, and it appears that this proposal was made only to insert a level of hierarchy; there was no indication that there is a work about the Oluluyia languages being cataloged. The meeting considers the additional level of hierarchy to be unnecessary, considering the lack of a work needing the heading. The proposal for Oluluyia languages was not approved.
Nine additional proposals were made to change the BT Bantu languages on existing headings. That was the only change in the revision proposal for Logooli language, and that proposal was not approved. The other eight proposals included other revisions, and approved changes to those records are indicated on the approved list. [July 16, 2018]
OTHER EDITORIAL DECISIONS MADE BY PSD
Qualifiers in headings for individual Kurd, Arab, and Berber groups
In LCSH, the general policy is to qualify headings for individual ethnic groups by the adjective for the continent, region, or country of the group, followed by the word people (e.g., Aro (African people); Chrau (Vietnamese people)). Practice for Kurds, Arabs, and Berbers has been mixed, however, with some being qualified by ([Arab, Berber, Kurdish] tribe) and others by ([Arab, Berber, Kurdish] people). Going forward, all new headings of this type will be qualified according to the latter formulation.
Apis (Egyptian deity); Seth (Egyptian deity); Sobek (Egyptian deity) – CANCEL HEADINGS
These authority records have been deleted because the subject headings are covered by identical name headings
APPENDIX: NON-FUNNEL AFRICANA SUBJECT HEADINGS
Source: LCSH Approved Lists (Nov. 2017-Oct. 2018)
|The submitting library’s MARC21 code appears after each entry.|
Abāẓah family – DLC
Agaw (African people) – DLC
Āl ibn ʻĀshūr family – DLC
Amara West (Extinct city) – UkOxU
Amba language – DLC
Amour Mountains (Algeria) – CtY
Awori family – DLC
Āyt ʻAbd Allāh (Berber people) – DLC
Āyt Brāyīm (Berber tribe) – DLC
Bible stories, Lokele – IEN
Burj al-Qāhirah (Cairo, Egypt) – DLC
Chilwa, Lake, Watershed (Malawi) – IEN
Christianity–African influences – DLC
Chuos Mountains (Namibia) – DLC
Doornkop, Battle of, South Africa, 1900 – CtY
Dramatists, Burkinabe – IEN
Egypt–History–1981-2011 – DLC
Egypt–History–2011- – DLC
Egypt–History–Coup d’état, 2013 – DLC
Egypt–History–Fourth dynasty, ca. 2613-ca. 2494 B.C. – WaU
Egypt–History–Protests, 2011-2013 – DLC
Egypt–Politics and government–1981-2011 – DLC
Egypt–Politics and government–2011- – DLC
Essouk-Tadmekka (Extinct city) – IEN
Gashaka Gumti National Park (Nigeria) – DLC
Gharandal Group (Egypt) – WaU
Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (Ethiopia) – IEN
Hymns, Ewe – DLC
Idāwsmlāl (Berber people) – DLC
Īdāwzīkī (Berber tribe) – DLC
Kareem Formation (Egypt) – WaU
Kemeticism – ICU
Kroumirie Mountains (Tunisia and Algeria) – DLC
Maydān Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn (Cairo, Egypt) – WaU
Mograt Island (Sudan) – Uk
Mohale Dam (Lesotho) – IEN
Morocco–History–1956- – DLC
Munyikwa (African people) – DLC
Mutandawhe (Zimbabwe) – DLC
National characteristics, Congolese (Brazzaville) – IEN
Nhampasseré Cave (Guinea-Bissau) – Uk
Oluwande family – DLC
Post-apartheid era in mass media – DLC
Potberg Region – DLC
Proverbs, Ogba – IEN
Proverbs, Songhai – IEN
Qalʿat al-Jindī (Egypt) – Uk
Quifangondo, Battle of, Quifangondo, Luanda, Angola, 1975 – DLC
Riddles, Dagaare – IEN
Riddles, Wolof – IEN
Rudeis Formation (Egypt) – WaU
Ruruuli-Runyala language – DLC
Saʻdāb (Arab tribe) – DLC
Sandwich Bay (Namibia) – DLC
Short stories, Kinyarwanda – NjP
Sicily (Italy)–Civilization–Egyptian influences – DLC
Siliana River (Tunisia) – DLC
Silvermine Nature Reserve (South Africa) – DLC
Songs, Gogo – CaAE
Sudanese in mass media – DLC
Tamdoult (Extinct city) – DLC
Wadi al-Jarf Site (Egypt) – WaU
Women authors, Cameroonian – IEN
As I was looking into Congolese languages recently, I came across some references to records of typescript material of Edwin William Smith from the 1930’s on the Efé language of the Ituri Forest. I then checked with a colleague, Erich Kesse, who kindly went ahead and digitized and uploaded the material. It may be of particular current relevance in light of the Ebola outbreak that is affecting the area–not to say that Efé is widely spoken, but considered study of the material may still be warranted. Here is what Erich sent along:
Smith, Edwin William, 1876-1957
Efe (Mbuti): Chapters 8 – 16 of the Gospel of Mark in Efe (ca. 1936)
N.B. This appears to be Smith’s reference text for numbered references in other texts.
Efe (English) vocabulary (1936)
Carbon copy: https://digital.soas.ac.uk/AA00001133/00003/
Efe (Mbuti): Grammar notes on verbs and tenses (ca. 1936)
A Tentative grammar of the Efe or Mbuti language (1938)
As a reminder, FAQ’s on Ebola in Congolese Kiswahili, Kinande, and Lese are also now available for the region:
Forwarding from our colleague Atoma Batoma at the University of Illinois, who made a recent visit to Burkina Faso and now serves as chair of the Africana Librarians Council:
“The attached document contains a list of 973 films presented at the Pan-African Film and Television Festival of Ouagadougou (FESPACO), which takes place in the Burkina Faso’s capital city of Ouagadougou. It covers the entire production of the festival since its founding in 1969. This document was provided to me during an International Book Buying trip funded by the International and Area Studies library (IAS) at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign.
“I arrived in Ouagadougou on April 5, 2017, a month after the conclusion of the FESPACO 2017, the 25th edition of the festival that had taken place from February 25th through March 4th. I met with several employees and Mr. Serge Kahoun, the curator of the film depository. After being given a tour of the premises of the Festival and the impressive storage facilities for housing several thousand reels, I sat down for an hour conversation with Mr. Kahoun. In his presentation of the history of the festival, he touched upon some important aspects: the role of FESPACO as a leading cultural event in Africa, the progressive increase in the number of the participants over the years, and the internationalization of the festival and its impact on the African film making ethics. At the same time, the festival organizers have had to implement increasingly heavier security measures, especially since Burkina Faso has been hit by a series of attacks by Islamist militants over the past few years.
“The 973 films listed in this document comprise short films, full-length films, documentaries, and TV series. They can be divided into two categories based on the perspective on the African reality they portray: the perspective that presents perceptions of Africa from within, that is, African self-perceptions, and the perspective that presents Africa from an external or critical standpoint.
“English and French are the two dominant languages of the Festival, but there is also a non-negligible number of films in African languages. As a principle, all the films in English are supposed to be systematically subtitled in French and vice versa, and the films in African languages subtitled either in English or French, but perhaps due to the increasing volume of submissions (1,000 in 2017), this principle has not always been followed.
“One of the problems that the Festival needs to solve is that of the accessibility of its films. FESPACO does not have a store that sells its productions, and there are no other distribution circuits. The only way to obtain FESPACO films is to order them directly from the film maker/directors. Fortunately, the list provided in this spreadsheet contains the film makers’ contact information (physical addresses, e-mail addresses, phone numbers, etc.).”
As in 2014, the small company I co-founded, Athinkra, LLC, has coordinated the translation of a World Health Organization (WHO) Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) file, this time for a language spoken in North Kivu Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The translated FAQ may be found here: https://tinyurl.com/ycxa4ras.
The translation was completed by Emmanuel Ndolimana at Athinkra’s request, with the permission of the WHO. It may be freely distributed. Please post any questions or comments you may have.
Forwarding this from a colleague in the Gambia:
“Hi, my name is Alhassana Barry. I teach the Adlam script to students in Banjul, The Gambia on Tuesdays and Thursdays. If you have any questions about the Adlam script or the Fula language, I would be happy to help answer them.”
“𞤮𞤲 𞤶𞤢𞥄𞤪𞤢𞥄𞤥𞤢 𞤳𞤮 𞤥𞤭𞤲 𞤥𞤵𞤧𞤭𞤯𞤮 𞤥𞤮𞤲 𞤮𞤲 𞤢𞤤𞤸𞤢𞤧𞤢𞤲𞤢 𞤦𞤢𞤪𞥆𞤭 𞤱𞤨𞤥𞤯𞤮𞤲 𞤤𞤫𞤴𞤣𞤭 𞤺𞤢𞤲𞤦𞤮𞤢 𞤮 𞤧𞤢𞤴𞤭 𞤯𞤮𞥅 𞤥𞤭𞤯𞤮 𞤲𞤮𞤣𞥆𞤢 𞤳𞤢𞤤𞤢 𞤬𞤢𞤤𞤢𞥄𞤯𞤮 𞤶𞤢𞤲𞤺𞤵𞤣𞤫 𞤢𞤣𞤤𞤢𞤥 𞤱𞤢𞤤𞤢 𞤸𞤵𞤲𞤨𞤭𞤼𞤢𞤣𞤫 𞤳𞤮 𞤴𞤮𞤧𞤭𞤼𞤭 𞤫 𞤢𞤣𞤤𞤢𞤥 𞤥𞤭 𞤬𞤢𞤥𞤭𞤲𞤢𞤴 𞤮𞤲 𞤼𞤭𞤺𞤭 𞤳𞤮 𞤥𞤭 𞤬𞤢𞥄𞤥𞤭 𞤥𞤭 𞤳𞤮𞤲.”
Do you remember our “Map Challenge” on this blog from a few years ago? That was in the N’ko script, used for Mande languages in Guinea, Mali, and elsewhere in West Africa. Since that time, a relevant romanization table has been approved by the American Library Association and the Library of Congress, and has become available as a support to cataloging materials in N’ko. Nafadji Sory Condé has written a helpful book on the subject of N’ko, in French. Meanwhile, OCLC took the step of supporting full Unicode, including the N’ko range.
These developments prompted discussions between catalogers and other librarians at Harvard and Yale, who together with faculty thought it would now be possible to create MARC catalog records that would include the N’ko script. I brought the subject up with Bassey Irele and Boubacar Diakité, a lecturer in N’ko at Harvard; Bassey introduced us to Naun Chiat Chew and Isabel Quintana, who helped to keep the ball rolling as we went through a bibliography of Valentin Vydrin looking for matches to existing Romanized records.
As a result, there are now about sixty records that have been produced, held by either Harvard, Yale, or both institutions, and have made their way into OCLC’s Worldcat, where they can be searched and downloaded by other institutions. One example is “ߖߌ߬ߓߙߌ߬ߓߊ ߝߊ߬ߛߊ” (“Jìbìrìba fàsa”): http://www.worldcat.org/title/jibiriba-fasa/oclc/1006455285; http://hdl.handle.net/10079/bibid/4801676; http://id.lib.harvard.edu/aleph/015189072/catalog. More fine-tuning is needed to ensure that the linking is being handled correctly, but it gives you a sense of how the project results have been turning out so far.
Hopefully, the results are supportive of the establishment of proof of concept, not only for N’ko, but in working out arrangements for other additional scripts as well. Feel free to pass along your questions and comments.
“The price of a whole cow is never cheap.”–traditional Vai proverb. For those who are interested in learning Vai, there are an increasing number of available resources to work from. They don’t all fit under the category of traditional learning materials though. There is a Vai Wikimedia Incubator Project, a FAQ about Ebola, a copy of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a copy of the New Testament, and recent articles including one by Olena Tykhostup and Piers Kelly, and another by Andrij Rovenchak, Tombekai Sherman, and myself. Tombekai and I also gave a presentation last year at the 10th International Conference of the Mande Studies Association in Grand-Bassam, Côte d’Ivoire, offering translations of manuscripts held at Tulane University and the British Library. While work toward a new Vai dictionary is also underway, existing dictionary resources include Koelle (1854) and Welmers & Kandakai (1973).
Two developments have come to light independently of each other on the listserv for the Committee on Cataloging: Asian and African Materials (CC:AAM) of the American Library Association (ALA). One is a statement in support of the internationalization of the BIBFRAME effort. The other is a discussion paper on the introduction of ISO 15924 script tags into the 880 fields of MARC. Together, they have generated a fair amount of discussion in committees at ALA and online. I won’t dive to deeply into those discussions here, except to reiterate a point from Karen Coyle that more use cases would be helpful, and to offer that both efforts point to a similar perceived gap in the architecture of bibliographic data. There have been efforts in the past to integrate parts of BCP 47 into MARC, whether in the 041 field (for ISO 639-3 language tags) or in the 066 field (for ISO 15924 script tags), but the solutions have not been evenly implemented, and leave considerable gaps in the availability of accurate language tagging. As the use of BIBFRAME becomes more widespread and requirements for accessibility increase, resolution of these efforts in the architecture of our metadata frameworks will become more important.
With no small amount of assistance from Steve Delamarter of George Fox University and the Ethiopian Manuscript Imaging Project (EMIP), a set of about thirty Ethiopian manuscripts have begun to receive enhanced cataloging in the Yale Library online catalog. Any errors or omissions are strictly my own. To find them, simply point your browser to Yale’s Quicksearch (http://search.library.yale.edu), and perform a call number search for the terms ‘ethiopic’ and ‘beinecke’. You should have a result set of the thirty-three manuscripts covered by this project, a little out of order, and with a couple of minor gaps in the numbering sequence. Some of these date to as early as the 17th century; included are a computus and a synaxarium. Full digitization has not yet been undertaken for this set, although you can find in the Beinecke’s digital collections images of the cases of Ethiopic MSS 5, 29 and 30, and imagery of Ethiopic MSS 28, a scroll, the text of which has been digitized.